Which of the following correctly describes the political fragmentation of Italy?
Political Fargmentation of Italy
Italy had a long history of political fragmentation as IItaly was divided into seven states and Italians were scattered over several dynasties as well as the multi-national Habsburg Empire. Only Sardinia-Piedmont was ruled by an Italian princely house.
What describes the long history of political fragmentation of Italy?
(i) Like Germany, Italy too had a long history of political fragmentation. (ii) Italians were scattered over several dynastic states as well as the multinational, Habsburg Empire. … (v) Even the Italian language had not acquired one common form, and it still had many regional and local variations.
How politically fragmented was Italy in the nineteenth century?
Italy divided among seven states in the middle of the 19th century. Out of these seven states, only one state was governed by an Italian Princely House, this was the state of Sardinia- Piedmont.
How did Italy have a long history of political fragmentation like Germany?
Italy was divided into seven states – like Sardinia- Piedmont was the only region ruled by Italian princely house, Pope ruled the Centre, North was ruled by Austria Habsburgs and southern regions was ruled by Bourbon Kings of Spain. … All this shows that Italy like Germany was politically fragmented and was unstable.
What caused the unification of Italy?
The Franco-Austrian War of 1859 was the agent that began the physical process of Italian unification. … The northern Italian states held elections in 1859 and 1860 and voted to join the Kingdom of Piedmont-Sardinia, a major step towards unification, while Piedmont-Sardinia ceded Savoy and Nice to France.
What does political fragmentation mean?
Political fragmentation refers to the process of redistributing functions, powers, or people away from a central authority by incorporating autonomous entities such as municipalities and special districts (Judd & Swanstrom, 2009).
What was the political situation of Italy before its unification?
(b) During the middle of the 19th century, Italy was divided into seven states of which only one, Sardinia-Piedmont was ruled by an Italian Princely House. (c) The North under Austrian Habsburgs, the center was ruled by the pope and the southern regions were under the domination of the Bourbon kings of Spain.
Which was the only state in Italy ruled by Italian princely house?
During the middle of the nineteenth century, Italy was divided into seven states, of which only one, Sardinia-Piedmont, was ruled by an Italian princely house. The north was under Austrian Habsburgs, the centre was ruled by the Pope and the southern regions were under the domination of the Bourbon kings of Spain.
Who dominated the south regions of Italy?
The Normans ruled southern Italy between 1130 and 1198 and were succeeded by the German Hohenstaufen. The French Angevins ousted the Hohenstaufen in 1266 and greatly expanded the power of the feudal nobility.
What were the main problems of unification of Italy?
There were three main obstacles to the political unification of Italy:
- The occupation of the northern states of Lombardy and Venice by Austria.
- The Papal States of the central swathes of Italian peninsula would not be given up by the Pope.
What were the effects of Italian unification?
Italian unification continued with the acquisition of Venice in 1866; Italy had fought with Prussia against Austria and was rewarded. Then the Papal States were absorbed in 1870. With Italian unification completed, Rome became the capital in 1871.
Which state led the process of Italian unification?
Garibaldi, outmaneuvered by the experienced realist Cavour, yielded his territories to Cavour in the name of Italian unification. In 1861, Italy was declared a united nation-state under the Sardinian king Victor Immanuel II.
How did the responsibility of unifying Italy fall on Victor Emmanuel II?
The responsibility of unifying Italy through war fell on the ruler King Victor Emmanuel II of Sardinia-Piedmont, after the failure of revolutionary uprising in 1831 and 1848. … The Austrian forces were defeated in 1859 by Sardinia-Piedmont, after a diplomatic alliance was made with the French, by Chief Minister Cavour.
What is not right about the residents of Italy before the unification of Italy?
23.4 What is not right about the residents of Italy before the unification of Italy, a) Most residents of Italy were Illiterate. b) He was unawere of liberal-nationalist ideology. … d) The Italian language had aquired a common form among the Italians
What was Mazzini’s role in the unification of Italy?
At Marseille Mazzini spent two of his most rewarding years. He founded his patriotic movement for young men and called it Giovine Italia (Young Italy). It was designed as a national association for liberating the separate Italian states from foreign rule and fusing them into a free and independent unitary republic.