Which Italian cities helped to supply the Crusader states?
This shift of power was especially beneficial for merchants from the Italian city-states of Amalfi, Genoa, Pisa, and Venice. They replaced the Muslim and Jewish middlemen in the lucrative trans-Mediterranean commerce, and their fleets became the dominant naval forces in the region.
Why did the Crusader kingdoms depend on Italian cities for supplies?
Why did the crusader kingdoms depend on Italian port cities like Venice and Pisa for supplies? The cities could send supplies by ship, avoiding the muslim-controlled lands surrounding the Crusader kingdoms. Rats infested with fleas carrying bacterium.
How did Crusades influence trade?
Trade increase, whilst Europeans also brought back knowledge about plants, irrigation and the breeding of animals. Western Europeans brought back many goods, such as lemons, apricots, sugar, silk and cotton and spices used in cooking. Not all the Crusaders went home after fighting the Muslims.
Why were Genoa and Venice important in the trade between Asia and the rest of Europe?
One role was as ports on the Med- iterranean Sea. Venice and Genoa were the main port cities. Merchant ships brought spices and other luxuries from Asia into the cities’ harbors. Merchants then shipped the goods all across Europe.
Why is Italy so rich?
Furthermore, the advanced country private wealth is one of the largest in the world. Italy is a large manufacturer (overall the second in EU behind Germany) and exporter of a significant variety of products including machinery, vehicles, pharmaceuticals, furniture, food, clothing, and robots.
What language did crusaders speak?
The native Christians and Muslims, who were a marginalized lower class, tended to speak Greek and Arabic, while the crusaders, who came mainly from France, spoke French.
Where did Pope Urban II call Christians together at?
On November 27, 1095, Pope Urban II makes perhaps the most influential speech of the Middle Ages, giving rise to the Crusades by calling all Christians in Europe to war against Muslims in order to reclaim the Holy Land, with a cry of “Deus vult!” or “God wills it!”
How were serfs legally bound to the land?
Neither could the serf marry, change his occupation, or dispose of his property without his lord’s permission. He was bound to his designated plot of land and could be transferred along with that land to a new lord. Serfs were often harshly treated and had little legal redress against the actions of their lords.
What were peasants required to pay the local village church a tithe Which was?
Peasants were also obliged to pay a tithe (a tenth of their produce) to their local village churches.
What were two indirect results of the Crusades?
Italian banking facilities became indispensable to popes and kings. Catalans and Provençals also profited, and, indirectly, so did all of Europe. Moreover, returning Crusaders brought new tastes and increased the demand for spices, Oriental textiles, and other exotic fare.
What new products were introduced to Europe after the Crusades?
The Crusades brought cultural diffusion and introduced new ideas into Western Europe. Increased desires for luxury goods like silk, cotton, sugar, and spices. Introduced technologies like compass, astrolabe, ship designs, and gunpowder.
What starts to change in the Middle Ages after the Crusades?
The Roman Catholic Church experienced an increase in wealth, and the power of the Pope was elevated after the Crusades ended. Trade and transportation also improved throughout Europe as a result of the Crusades.
What city became the richest trading city in Europe?
Economic history of Venice
- Venice, which is situated at the far end of the Adriatic Sea, was once the richest and most powerful centre of Europe for hundreds of years. …
- Nevertheless, only the nobility or patriciate had the right to exercise the wealth-bringing long-distance trade.
What was the most important commodity the Ottomans brought to Venice?
As a Venetian ambassador expressed, “being merchants, we cannot live without them.” The Ottomans sold wheat, spices, raw silk, cotton, and ash (for glass making) to the Venetians, while Venice provided the Ottomans with finished goods such as soap, paper, and textiles.
Why is Venice an important trade city?
Its strategic position on the shores of the Adriatic Sea, within reach of the Byzantine Empire and traders from the Near East, allowed the city to become a hub of trade in the west, receiving goods from the east by sea and disseminating them into the growing European market.