(i) Like Germany, Italy too had a long history of political fragmentation. (ii) Italians were scattered over several dynastic states as well as the multinational, Habsburg Empire. … (v) Even the Italian language had not acquired one common form, and it still had many regional and local variations.
How did Italy has a long history of political fragmentation like Germany?
Italy was divided into seven states – like Sardinia- Piedmont was the only region ruled by Italian princely house, Pope ruled the Centre, North was ruled by Austria Habsburgs and southern regions was ruled by Bourbon Kings of Spain. … All this shows that Italy like Germany was politically fragmented and was unstable.
Which statement correctly describe the long history of political fragmentation of Italy?
Political Fargmentation of Italy
Italy had a long history of political fragmentation as IItaly was divided into seven states and Italians were scattered over several dynasties as well as the multi-national Habsburg Empire. Only Sardinia-Piedmont was ruled by an Italian princely house.
How politically fragmented was Italy in the nineteenth century?
Italy divided among seven states in the middle of the 19th century. Out of these seven states, only one state was governed by an Italian Princely House, this was the state of Sardinia- Piedmont.
What is the reason behind the unification of Italy?
After striking an alliance with Napoleon III’s France, Piedmont-Sardinia provoked Austria to declare war in 1859, thus launching the conflict that served to unify the northern Italian states together against their common enemy: the Austrian Army.
Which was the only state in Italy ruled by Italian princely house?
During the middle of the nineteenth century, Italy was divided into seven states, of which only one, Sardinia-Piedmont, was ruled by an Italian princely house. The north was under Austrian Habsburgs, the centre was ruled by the Pope and the southern regions were under the domination of the Bourbon kings of Spain.
What does political fragmentation mean?
Political fragmentation refers to the process of redistributing functions, powers, or people away from a central authority by incorporating autonomous entities such as municipalities and special districts (Judd & Swanstrom, 2009).
How did the responsibility of unifying Italy fall on Victor Emmanuel II?
The responsibility of unifying Italy through war fell on the ruler King Victor Emmanuel II of Sardinia-Piedmont, after the failure of revolutionary uprising in 1831 and 1848. … The Austrian forces were defeated in 1859 by Sardinia-Piedmont, after a diplomatic alliance was made with the French, by Chief Minister Cavour.
Who dominated the south regions of Italy?
The Normans ruled southern Italy between 1130 and 1198 and were succeeded by the German Hohenstaufen. The French Angevins ousted the Hohenstaufen in 1266 and greatly expanded the power of the feudal nobility.
What was Italy called before Italy?
The Greeks gradually came to apply the name Italia to a larger region, but it was during the reign of Augustus, at the end of the 1st century BC, that the term was expanded to cover the entire peninsula until the Alps, now entirely under Roman rule.
What was Italy called before it became a country?
Expansion of the territory known as Italy from the establishment of the Roman Republic until Diocletian.
What problems plagued Italy after unification?
Following Italy’s unification in 1861, the nation suffered from a lack of raw materials, economic imbalance between the North and South, the absence of educational systems and the great cost of unification itself. Italy faced these challenges and made great advances over the fifty years that followed.
What were the main problems of unification of Italy?
There were three main obstacles to the political unification of Italy:
- The occupation of the northern states of Lombardy and Venice by Austria.
- The Papal States of the central swathes of Italian peninsula would not be given up by the Pope.
How old is Italy?
The formation of the modern Italian state began in 1861 with the unification of most of the peninsula under the House of Savoy (Piedmont-Sardinia) into the Kingdom of Italy. Italy incorporated Venetia and the former Papal States (including Rome) by 1871 following the Franco-Prussian War (1870-71).
What were the effects of Italian unification?
Italian unification continued with the acquisition of Venice in 1866; Italy had fought with Prussia against Austria and was rewarded. Then the Papal States were absorbed in 1870. With Italian unification completed, Rome became the capital in 1871.