How many types of wine grapes in Italy?

Italy is responsible for producing some of the most beautiful varietal wine (that is, juice made primarily or entirely from one specific grape) on the planet. But with more than 350 native varieties growing throughout 20 wine regions, Italy has enough local grape species to send a newcomer into an intimidated panic.

How many grape varieties of wine are there in Italy?

The Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry in Italy has authorized over 350 different grape varieties but there are over 500 different kinds of grapes in circulation within the country.

What grapes are used in Italian wines?

Fourteen types of red wine grapes are most commonly grown in Italy.

  • Sangiovese: Sangiovese is Italy’s most-planted grape variety. …
  • Montepulciano: Montepulciano is both Italy’s second most popular grape variety and the name of a town in Tuscany that produces the famous Sangiovese-based Vino Nobile di Montepulciano.

What kind of grapes are grown in Italy?

Italian Grapes from A to Z

  • Fiano. This exotic grape variety, grown mostly in southern Italy’s Campania region, makes luscious, full-bodied, floral white wines marked by rich pear and honey-spice flavors. …
  • Nebbiolo. …
  • Pinot Bianco. …
  • Trebbiano.
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How many types of wine are there in Italy?

Strict rules govern all aspects of production. They include where the grapes can be grown, what varieties are allowed and how wines can be aged. There are 74 DOCGs in Italy, with the latest addition in 2011.

10 Most Famous Italian Wines

  • Barolo. Originating from northern Italy, specifically from the Piedmont region, is the Barolo wine. …
  • Franciacorta. …
  • Fiano di Avellino. …
  • Chianti Classico. …
  • Amarone della Valpolicella. …
  • Brunello di Montalcino.


Where is the best wine in Italy?

Tuscany. Tuscany is home to Italy’s most scenic vineyards, verdant rolling hills and likely the country’s best-known wine, chianti. It is Italy’s most ancient wine-producing region, dating back to the 8th century BC, and its wines are often blends that incorporate its native Sangiovese grapes.

What is the most expensive Italian wine?

The Most Expensive Italian Wines

Wine Name Average Price (USD)
1 Tenuta dell’Ornellaia ‘Ornellaia’ Vendemia d’Artista Special Edition Bolgheri Superiore, Tuscany, Italy 975
2 Bruno Giacosa Collina Rionda, Barolo DOCG, Italy 917
3 Giuseppe Quintarelli Amarone della Valpolicella Classico Riserva DOCG, Veneto, Italy 810

What is Italian red wine called?

The 8 Major Italian Red Wines

Barbera. Nero d’Avola. Primitivo (aka Zinfandel) Valpolicella Blends.

How many grapes are native to Italy?

According to Ian D’Agata’s comprehensive Native Wine Grapes of Italy, the country cultviates roughly 2,000 native grape varieties. Although just under 400 are used to make wine in commercially significant volume, that number totals more native grape varieties than France, Spain and Greece combined.

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Why does Italy produce more wine?

2. Italian wine has a long history. Italian wine has been produced for over 4,000 years, and is considered the perfect environment to grow wine, largely due to the country’s climate (which is perfect for viticulture). … So much so, that the country was called ‘Oenotria’ (it’s translation meaning ‘the land of wine’).

How wine is made in Italy?

Grapes are harvested and placed into boxes or bins, which are then delivered to wineries and stored in open containers called gondolas. Grapes are harvested either by hand or by machine, although most sophisticated wineries tend to use hands for picking grapes.

What are the main wine classifications in Italy?

There are four Italian wine classifications: Vino da Tavola (VdT), Indicazione Geografica Tipica (IGT), Denominazione di Origine Controllata (DOC), and Denominazione di Origine Controllata e Garantita (DOCG).

What is a good Italian red wine?

Sangiovese This is Italy’s most important red wine variety that’s the base grape of Chianti Classico.

The Wines

  • Chianti Classico. San Felice Chianti Classico DOCG 2017 ($16) …
  • Barbera. Vietti Barbera d’Asti DOCG 2016 ($17) …
  • Nebbiolo. …
  • Super Tuscan (IGT) …
  • Nerello Mascalese.


What is a Chianti Riserva?

Riserva is a term that can be applied not just to Chianti, but to plenty of other Italian wines such as Brunello and Barolo. Of course, just to make things difficult, it has various meanings, but Riserva on a Chianti just means that the wine spends a minimum of two years (in oak) and three months (in the bottle) aging.

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