Popes were elected by Cardinals who represented the powerful kings and families all over Europe, and so Rome was perceived to be the political, cultural and religious capital of Europe. Yes, Renaissance sparked in Italy—more specifically in Florence—initially and then quickly spread to the rest of Western Europe.
How was Italy organized politically during the Renaissance?
In this period, which we call the Early Renaissance, Florence is not a city in the unified country of Italy, as it is now. Instead, Italy was divided into many city-states (Florence, Milan, Venice etc.), each with their own government (some were ruled by despots, and others were republics).
How was the Renaissance political?
RENAISSANCE POLITICS. Renaissance states had three basic forms of government: princedoms, monarchies, and oligarchies, which the Renaissance called republics. Princedoms. A prince was an individual, whether called duke, count, marquis, or just signore (lord), who ruled a state, usually with the support of his family.
Who controlled politics in the city states of Italy?
Each city-state was controlled, with varying degrees of tyranny and liberty, by one dynasty: the Visconti and then the Sforza in Milan, the Medici in Florence, the Aragon in Naples; Venice was an oligarchy ruled by rich merchant and noble families, and of course there was Rome, under the eternal but ever-changing aegis …
What conditions gave rise to the Italian Renaissance?
In conclusion, historians have identified several causes of the Renaissance in Europe, including: increased interaction between different cultures, the rediscovery of ancient Greek and Roman texts, the emergence of humanism, different artistic and technological innovations, and the impacts of conflict and death.
Why was Italy so rich in the Renaissance?
Northern Italy was able to lead the Italian Renaissance due to the Mediterranean, the central location for trade. … From Asia, northern Italian cities imported spices, dyes, and silks which were not enough or new in Europe. Thus they were sold expensively, and northern Italian cities became rich.
What was the main political work of renaissance?
In politics, the Renaissance contributed to the development of the customs and conventions of diplomacy, and in science to an increased reliance on observation and inductive reasoning. … The Renaissance began in the Republic of Florence, one of the many states of Italy.
What major political changes took place during the Renaissance?
The end of feudalism was a major political change during the Renaissance. The three main causes for the end of the feudal system are the black plague, the 100 years war, and various political reforms in England.
Why is the Renaissance considered a turning point in history?
The Renaissance was a turning point in history, where everything improved and people’s opinion and ideas change. An idea where people decide to take action instead of not doing anything. … During the Renaissance humanism played a major role because they believed that by taking action they are improving.
What were the 5 Italian city states?
The five major city-states: Milan, Florence, Venice, Naples, and the Papal States will be explained in detail.
What type of government did the Italian city states have?
Signoria, (Italian: “lordship”), in the medieval and Renaissance Italian city-states, a government run by a signore (lord, or despot) that replaced republican institutions either by force or by agreement.
What are three causes of the rise of Italian city states?
Terms in this set (29)
- Economic Revival- trade and a rising merchant class (crusades) – expansion of commerce in city states in the 11th and 12th centuries. …
- Geography – The italian peninsula formed a natural point of exchange between east and west.
What are the 3 most important characteristics of the Italian Renaissance?
It was believed to be the rebirth of ancient Greek and Roman worlds. What are the three most important characteristics of the Italian Renaissance? Urban society, recover from 14th century disasters, and emphasized individual ability.
Who were three main characters of the Italian Renaissance?
10 of the Most Important Renaissance Figures
- Lorenzo de’ Medici. Lorenzo de’ Medici (1449-1492) was a member of the Medici family, one of the wealthiest European families in history and the de facto rulers of Florence. …
- Leonardo da Vinci. …
- Michelangelo. …
- Nicolaus Copernicus. …
- Petrarch. …
- Raphael. …
- Galileo Galilei. …
- Michel de Montaigne.
In which city did the Italian Renaissance emerge?
Florence, where the Italian Renaissance began, was an independent republic. It was also a banking and commercial capital and, after London and Constantinople, the third-largest city in Europe.