Magistrato (judicial officer): general term encompassing Judges (Giudici) and prosecutors (Pubblici Ministeri); the Magistratura, or judiciary, is a collective term for all judicial officers.
How do you address a judge in Italy?
add “president” all all the titles (speaker, member of jury) etc.
Italian translation: Illustrissimo sig. Giudice.
|Summary of answers provided|
|4 +1||Illustrissimo sig. Giudice||Angie Garbarino|
What is Italy’s court system?
The Italian judicial system consists of a series of courts and a body of judges who are civil servants. … The highest court in the central hierarchy is the Supreme Court of Cassation; it has appellate jurisdiction and gives judgments only on points of law.
How judges are selected in Italy?
The judges of the Constitutional Court are appointed by the President of the Republic, by the Parliament in joint session and by the highest-instance ordinary and administrative courts.
How many judges are there in Italy?
Constitutional Court of Italy
|Authorized by||Constitution of Italy|
|Judge term length||9 years (not renewable)|
|Number of positions||15|
What is a female judge called?
Judges of the High Court and Court of Appeal are addressed (when sitting in those courts) as “My Lord” or “My Lady” and referred to as “Your Lordship” or “Your Ladyship”.
What do you call a lady judge?
Address all judges (male, female, animal, vegetable, mineral) as “Your Honour.” In some countries, the judge’s job title is “Judge” (e.g. USA). In some countries, it’s “Mr/Madam Justice.”
What are the main laws in Italy?
The Constitution of 1948 is the main source. The Italian Civil Code is based on codified Roman law with elements of the Napoleonic civil code and of the German BGB. The civil code of 1942 replaced the original one of 1865. The penal code (“The Rocco Code”) was also written under fascism (1930).
Does Italy have the death penalty?
The execution is not public, unless the Ministry of Justice determines otherwise. The last execution in Italy took place, on March 4, 1947. The Italian Constitution, into force since January 1948, completely abolished the death penalty for all common military and civil crimes during peacetime.
Does Italy have a jury?
Italy does not try anyone by a jury of peers: everyone is judged by professional judges or by a panel of judges (three or five or nine). … Since Lay Judges are not jurors, they cannot be excused, unless there are grounds that would justify an objection to a Judge.
How does Italy make their laws?
The process for the formation of the law is established in the Constitution and in the Parliamentary Procedure Rules and includes the following phases: Legislative initiative; Approval of the bill by the respective Chamber; … Publication of the law in the Official Gazette (Gazzetta Ufficiale).
What type of law is in Italy?
The Italian legal system is that of a civil law State, governed by codified law. Italy’s system of government is that of a parliamentary republic. The Republic of Italy was formed upon the abolition of the monarchy by way of popular referendum on June 2, 1946.
Does Italy have judicial review?
The 1948 Italian Constitution contains a provision for creation of a Constitutional Court with the power of centralized judicial review. … In a centralized judicial review system constitutional issues must be certified immediately to the Constitutional Court for resolution as soon as they arise in any court.
What is the highest court in Italy?
The Corte Suprema di Cassazione is the highest court in the judicial system.
Who makes laws in Italy?
Laws are promulgated by the President of the Republic within a month of their passing through the Chambers (Article 73 of the Constitution). If the Chambers by way of majority vote, declare the bill as urgent, it may be promulgated within the time frame set out in the bill itself.