It was used on many urban and rural structures built immediately after the Civil War. That’s why you can drive through the countryside in states such as New York and Pennsylvania and see Italianate farmhouses, and then head into cities and see the same style used for residential and commercial buildings.
What is the purpose of Italianate architecture?
Italianate architecture was made popular through pattern books written by well-known designers like Andrew Jackson Downing and Calvert Vaux. They were intended to bring the client into the building process and present an easy-to-follow blueprint for craftsmen.
Where is Italianate style most commonly used?
Most of these homes were constructed in the mid- to late-1800s and can be found nationwide, primarily north of the Mason-Dixon Line. Although loosely modeled after the villas of Italy, the style became so popular in the U.S., Foster says, that it was sometimes referred to as American style.
When was Italianate first used?
The Italianate style was popularized in the United States by Alexander Jackson Davis in the 1840s as an alternative to Gothic or Greek Revival styles.
Are Italianate houses Victorian?
Italianate architecture is a category of Victorian architecture, which is not a particular style but an era—the reign of Queen Victoria over the United Kingdom of Great Britain from 1837 to 1901.
What materials are used in Italianate architecture?
Materials. Brick and wood clapboard were the most common building materials used for Italianate homes with brick being more expensive. The ornamentation was typically wood and occasionally the brick homes had elaborate, durable cast iron window and door hoods.
What does an Italianate house look like?
The most common Italianate styles will often have many of these characteristics: a low-pitched or flat roof; a balanced, symmetrical rectangular shape; a tall appearance, with two, three, or four stories; wide, overhanging eaves with large brackets and cornices; a square cupola; a porch topped with balustraded …
Where is Italianate architecture most common?
BACKGROUND AND INSPIRATION: This style dominated American houses, in both urban and country settings, between roughly 1850 and 1870. The style was popular as cities and towns were settled across the Midwest, making Italiante a common sight in such places.
What is English Tudor home style?
In general, Tudor homes share several common features: a steeply pitched roof with multiple overlapping, front-facing gables; a facade that’s predominantly covered in brick but accented with half-timber framing (widely spaced wooden boards with stucco or stone in between); multiple prominently placed brick or stone …
How many architectural styles are there?
The Characteristics of 12 Architectural Styles From Antiquity to the Present Day. History has often been taught in a linear way.
What is the architecture in Italy?
Italy’s architecture spans almost 3,500 years, from Etruscan and Ancient Roman architecture to Romanesque, Gothic, Renaissance, Baroque, Rococo, Neoclassical, Art Nouveau, Fascist, and Italian modern and contemporary architecture.
What are the characteristics of Victorian architecture?
Characteristics of Victorian Architecture
- Steeply pitched roofs.
- Plain or colorfully painted brick.
- Ornate gables.
- Painted iron railings.
- Churchlike rooftop finials.
- Sliding sash and canted bay windows.
- Octagonal or round towers and turrets to draw the eye upward.
- Two to three stories.
Where did Tudor style houses originate?
The original Tudor style arose in England in the late 15th Century and lasted until the early 16th Century, coinciding with the reign of British monarchs (including Henry VIII) who hailed from the House of Tudor (royals of Welsh origin).
What is Folk Victorian style?
Unlike the Queen Anne style, Folk Victorian houses tend to have square, symmetrical shapes with el-shaped projections. … But they share characteristics such as a prominent front-facing gable, porches with spindlework, brackets under the eaves and ornate trim.
When was the Victorian architecture period?
But the term “Victorian architecture” actually refers to styles that emerged in the period between 1830 and 1910, during the reign of Queen Victoria. The Victorian era spawned several well-known styles, including Gothic revival, Italianate, Second Empire, Queen Anne, stick style, Romanesque style and shingle style.
What are Italian homes made of?
Basic building materials in Italy are concrete, brick, and sometimes stone. In the mountains, some houses are chalet-style, made of thick wooden planks. In the US, most modern houses are wood framed, with wooden or aluminum siding or stucco outside, and sheetrock inside.